- Many water pipelines!
- Some current dam images!
- Water, Energy, CO2 gasification!
Looking at these torrential and deadly rain and hail, it should be expected that Saudi Arabia would use these big amounts of water economically, instead of relying only to generate sweet water from the sea by legacy desalination methods.
"From the effect of northern Dalaimiya hail on Wednesday 12 Sha'aban 1440 may God compensate her good Shepherd Photographed by al-Siddiq Abu Saad"
من اثر بردية شمال الدليمية اليوم الإربعاء 12 شعبان 1440هـ الله يعوض راعيها خيراً— مدونة ابو سامي للطقس و البيئة (@abu_sami_blog) April 17, 2019
تصوير الصديق ابو سعد pic.twitter.com/Lhb94kVVIH
"East of Ndaha Wadi al-Asry Seoul Strong"
"Rains and floods east of Khamis Mushayt (Al-Sheik) April 23 2019."
If you would like to see more of that, please look here and here.
Rather the "desalination" serves as a cover and apology story to hide the real big thing of water supply by measures of Climate Geoengineering (ClimateControl).
This water needs to be stored in dams, underground aquifers, on-ground tanks, and transported by water pipelines to the huge industries areas of fracking of oil and gas and desert farming, which have rapidly grown since the 1990s and can easily be observed by satellite maps.
The connection of this development with the wars in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Libya and Somalia and with Petrodollar of the USA and the peaceful way out of the current carnage by renting wind-water corridors need to be read in the linked articles on this paragraph.
But let the Saudis speak for themselves and tell us the extend of water infrastructure, adapted to ClimateControl. Please research much more sources about that by yourself. I am giving only a few examples here, not to make unproven claims.
Profile of Saudi Arabia
"Dam and Reservoir Projects
In order to exploit rain and flood waters as efficiently as possible, the Ministry has concentrated on building several dams in different areas. Before 1975 (1395 AH), there were 16 dams; the number had increased to 230 by end of 2006 (1426/27 AH), with a storage capacity of 850.33 million cubic meters. These dams contribute to the increase of subterranean water reserves and the provision of potable water, as well as helping to protect plantations and some villages against the flooding which previously threatened them as a result of sudden torrential rises in the level of water.
Among the major dams in the Kingdom is the dam of Wadi Najran with a storage capacity of 85 million cubic meters, the dam of Wadi Jizan with a storage capacity of 75 million cubic meters, the dam of Wadi Fatima on the outskirts of the Holy City of Makkah with a storage capacity of 20 million cubic meters, and the Wadi Bisha dam, the largest dam in the Kingdom and the second largest concrete dam in the Middle East."
2. Many water pipelines!
Here some websites of companies about their water dam and pipeline projects.
LIMAK: RAS AL KHAIR-RIYADH WATER SUPPLY LINE SYSTEM, SAUDI ARABIA, 2015
"Ras Al Khair-Riyadh Water Transmission Line Project is the first stage of a project to provide Riyadh with water and one of the biggest water supply schemes in the Gulf and Middle Eastern regions. The Project aims at meeting long term water requirements of Riyadh and upon its completion, 900.000 m³ of water can daily be carried to Riyadh from Ras Al Khair Sea Water Treatment Plant via a 72 inch 2x267,5 km steel pipeline.
The scope of the Project includes pipe coating, installation, line valve stations and other engineering structures as well as access roads, pipeline tests and start up of the system.
Civil works are already over under the Project which continues under the commitment of the Joint Venture of Limak and Mapa. Following hydrostatic tests, the system will be started up and the transmission line delivered to the employer. The Project is scheduled for completion in 2014."
A.HAK: Water for Saudi Arabia
Description: Construction of a water pipeline to Riyadh
Timeframe: 2010 – 2012
Pipeline length: 350 km
Diameter: 48" up to 72"
Wall thickness: 9 up to 30 mm
"Water through the desert
The growth of the number of residents in the city of Riyadh made the creation of a new transport system for drinking water into a necessity. The drinking water is produced in a combined power plant and desalination plant in Ras al-Khair (previously known as Ras al-Zour), located at the coast of the Arabian Gulf in Saudi Arabia. The distance from the city to Ras al-Khair is 460 kilometers. To create a redundant system, two parallel drinking water pipelines were constructed. The total trajectory therefore consists of 900 kilometers of pipeline, 3 pump stations, 13 water reservoirs, 360 kilometers of 13.8 kV power cables and a SCADA system. A.Hak International constructed the final segment, from pump station 3 to Riyadh including branch lines into the city. This trajectory stretches out 216 kilometers in length, which means that almost 400 kilometers of pipeline was constructed by A.Hak. With this new transport pipeline, over 900,000 cubic meters of water can now be delivered to the city on a daily basis."
Almost 400 kilometers of pipeline with diameters varying between 48" and 72" and wall thicknesses of 9.52 mm up to 17.48 mm.
More than 40 roads were crossed. Together with A.Hak Drillcon, new drilling machines were used for drilling through hard rock formations with a diameter of 2.2 meters."
The entire trajectory is constructed by the SSEM – RTCC – HAK consortium, which employs a large number of local staff members. A.Hak has already selected and trained more than 200 people to become fully skilled welders, fitters, operators and mechanics. The courses were given by A.Hak staff from the Netherlands. During project execution, more than 400 people from 11 different countries were involved."
Desalination in combination with power plants is also used, but this is not the main source of sweet water. Desalinated water doesn't fall as torrential precipitation and fill at least 230 dams and increase "subterranean water reserves".
Arabian Business: Top 10 power and water projects in Saudi Arabia
By Conrad Egbert and Lutfi Qaraman
"Saudi Arabia's demand for power has had to keep up with its growing economy. Construction Week picks out the biggest power and water projects in the Kingdom.
Value: US $4 billion
Client: Power & Water Utility Company for Jubail & Yanbu
Schedule: Bids were due to be submitted to Marafiq in August 27, 2008. Construction is estimated to start in the second quarter of this year and is expected to be completed in early 2013.
Scope: The project calls for the construction of a new independent water and power plant in Yanbu Industrial City. The plant will produce 1700MW and 150,000m³ per day of desalination water.
It will also use cracked heavy fuel oil and lowest additive concentration fuel as a back up.
Value: US $3.4 billion
Client: Power & Water Utility Company for Jubail & Yanbu
Schedule: The Suez consortium was awarded the main construction contract in December 2006. The consortium is a joint venture of Suez Energy International, Belgium and Acwa Power Projects, Saudi Arabia. Construction started in early 2007 and is expected to be completed next year.
Scope: The project calls for the construction of an Independent Water and Power plant in Jubail Industrial City. The power plant will comprise four blocks and will be based on combined cycle generation gas turbines, where steam from the turbines will supply process steam to the desalination plant, which itself will comprise 27 units that will use Multiple Effect Distillation technology. Jubail IWPP will produce 2745MW of power.
1200MW Power Plant Next to Shuaiba Power Plant
Value: US $3 billion
Client: Saudi Electricity Company
Schedule: Alstom was awarded the main construction contract in July last year. Construction is in progress and expected to be completed in early 2013.
Scope: The project calls for the construction of a 1200MW power plant next to the Shuaiba power plant. The power plant is located 100km south of Jeddah.
Jizan Economic City (JEC) - Power Plant
Value: US $2.5 billion
Client: Saudi Binladin Group
Schedule: CPI Power Engineering was awarded the main construction contract in November 2008. Construction started early this year and is expected to be completed in 2013.
Scope: The project calls for construction of 2400MW captive power plant for an aluminium smelter in Jizan Economic City.
Jeddah Desalination Plant - Phase 3
Value: US $295 million
Client: Saline Water Conversion Corporation
Schedule: Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction was awarded the main construction contract in December 2008. Construction began earlier this year and is expected to be completed in 2012.
Scope: The project calls for construction of phase three of the Jeddah desalination plant. 380kV
Substation in Qassim
Value: US $191 million
Client: Saudi Electricity Company
Schedule: Siemens was awarded the main construction contract in July last year. Construction is in progress and expected to be completed in the third quarter of 2010.
Scope: The project calls for construction of 380kV Substation in Qassim province.
Tabouk Power Plant Extension - Phase 6
Value: US $175 million
Client: Saudi Electricity Company
Schedule: Najm Al Jazira Company and Trading Contracting and Agriculture were awarded the main construction contract in September last year. Construction started the following month, and is expected to be completed in November next year.
Scope: The project calls for the extension of Tabouk power plant, phase six. The plant is located in Tabouk city, Saudi Arabia.
380kV Madina East Substation
Value: US $170 million
Client: Saudi Electricity Company
Schedule: Al Toukhi Company for Industry, Trading and Contracting was awarded the main construction contract in June 2008. Construction is in progress and expected to be completed in second quarter of 2010.
Scope: The project calls for the construction of a 380kV Substation in Saudi Arabia's Madina East.
Upgrade of Wadi Al Dawasir Power Plant
Value: US $165 million
Client: Saudi Electricity Company
Schedule: Al Toukhi Contracting was awarded the main construction contract in July last year. Construction is in progress and expected to be completed in the third quarter of 2011.
Scope: The project calls for the upgrading and reinforcement of Wadi Al Dawasir power plant in Riyadh.
Qassim Fuel-Oil Pipeline
Value: US $132 million
Client: Saudi Electricity Company
Schedule: Gulf Consolidated Contractors was awarded the main construction contract in July last year. Construction began shortly after, and is expected to be completed in the third quarter of next year.
Scope: The project calls for the construction of Qassim fuel-Oil pipeline, which will connect Al Qassim power plant with the existing national grid.
For all the latest construction news from the UAE and Gulf countries, follow us on Twitter and Linkedin, like us on Facebook and subscribe to our YouTube page, which is updated daily."
Don't be distracted about "renewable energy", the real source of fuel is nuclear fracking!
WorldOil: Saudi Arabia plans spate of water project privatizations in 2019
By VIVIAN NEREIM on 12/25/2018
"NEW YORK (Bloomberg) -- Saudi Arabia plans to tender or award six water-related projects in 2019 as it pushes ahead with a privatization program that got off to a slow start.
The cabinet recently approved the tendering of seven desalination and wastewater projects. One was awarded this week, three are in various stages of tender process and three more will be offered to investors next year, the government’s National Center for Privatization and PPP said in a statement.
So far, more than 40% of the bids have come from international companies relying heavily on financing from international banks, the center said. It didn’t provide details on the monetary value of the water projects, but said the total value of all public-private partnerships to be tendered by 2020 is expected to be $6.4 billion to $7.5 billion (24 billion to 28 billion riyals).
The first project, a desalination plant in Rabigh that will supply water to the Mecca region, was awarded to a consortium led by ACWA Power on Monday.
Saudi Arabia unveiled a major privatization program in 2016 as part of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s plan to raise government revenue and diversify from oil. Economy Minister Mohammed Al Tuwaijri said last year that the government expected to raise some $200 billion in the next few years through privatization, however progress has been slow.
In addition to the water projects, the government plans in 2019 to move ahead on renewable energy projects in solar and wind, parking in Riyadh and a second cargo license station at King Khaled International Airport, according to the statement. It also plans to sell Saudia Medical Services facilities and four flour mill companies, and to establish an agriculture company,"
TYPSA Group: New water management contracts in Saudi Arabia
"TYPSA’s success continues in the field of water management in Saudi Arabia. A new contract has recently been signed with the National Water Company (NWC) to provide strategic consulting services to the company’s management to track ongoing programs, support privatization processes and provide technical assistance for development.
In addition, design review and construction supervision services continue for the Riyadh water supply and the city’s four strategic storage tanks, each with a capacity of one million cubic metres.
In Jeddah, TYPSA is also carrying out the design review and construction supervision of water storage for the Jeddah water supply, which comprises two groups of tanks with an overall capacity of one million cubic metres, located in Faisaliyah and Briman. The project includes buildings, infrastructure systems, pumping stations and pipelines connected to Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) and NWC transmission lines. The same tasks have been commissioned for the works in a large-scale hydraulic programme in Saada, 125 km from the Saudi capital, including water catchment, treatment and distribution.
Other TYPSA assignments include the design to supply industrial water to the new city of Waad Al Shamal, near the border with Jordan and Iraq, from the El Sakaka, Arar and Turaif waste water treatment facilities. This project comprises 500 km of pipeline with a 125.000 m³/day maximum flow, storage tanks with a total volume of 800,000 m³ and a clarification plant to ensure the quality of the water in accordance with the Saudi Arabian standards for industrial use.
In addition, the design of the Harad (Yabreen) – Riyadh water transmission system is also under way, which includes a well field, a 400 km pipeline and a desalination plant for 800,000 m³/d."
TEKFEN CONSTRUCTION: PIPELINE PROJECTS
AZERBAIJAN - WESTERN ROUTE PIPELINE, AZERI SECTION
AZERBAIJAN - APSHERON PENINSULA HIGH PRESSURE NATURAL GAS PIPELINE AND ASSOCIATED COMPRESSOR STATION
GEORGIA - PUMP STATIONS, PRESSURE REDUCING STATIONS AND MOBILE RADIO STATIONS ALONG BAKU - SUPSA PIPELINE
IRAQ - TURKEY CRUDE OIL PIPELINE & TANK FARM, 2nd EXPANSION
IRAQ - RUMAILA GENERAL INSTALLATION SERVICES
KAZAKHSTAN - SAZTUBE - YELEMEZ - APORNI CRUDE OIL PIPELINE
KAZAKHSTAN - CASPIAN PIPELINE CONSORTIUM PIPELINE, KAZAKHSTAN SECTION (CPC-K)
KUWAIT - DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF WAFRA - MINA SAUD CRUDE OIL PIPELINE
LIBYA - AL KHUFRA - TAZERBO WATER CONVEYANCE SYSTEM
MOROCCO - OCP SLURRY PIPELINE PROJECT
QATAR - RAS LAFFAN - MESAIEED, ETHANE TRANSMISSION PIPELINE
QATAR - UMM BAB - MESAIEED CRUDE OIL PIPELINE
SAUDI ARABIA - AL JUBAIL - RIYADH LINE-C PIPELINE
SAUDI ARABIA - ARAMCO HAWIYAH AREA GAS PIPELINE
SAUDI ARABIA - EASTERN PROVINCE WATER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
SAUDI ARABIA - WESTERN PROVINCE WATER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
SAUDI ARABIA - JUAYMAH GAS PLANT TO BERRI ETHANE PIPELINE
SAUDI ARABIA - HARADH GAS PLANT, DOWNSTREAM GAS AND CONDENSATE PIPELINES
SAUDI ARABIA - QUAD - 1 PIPELINE FOR AIN DAR & SHEDGUM SEAWATER CONVERSION SYSTEM
SAUDI ARABIA - TAIF SEWERAGE AND STORM WATER SYSTEM
SAUDI ARABIA - YANBU- NORTH JEDDAH PIPELINES PROJECT
SAUDI ARABIA - SATELLITE GAS COMPRESSOR PIPELINES PROJECT
SULTANATE OF OMAN - HARWEEL CLUSTER PHASE II FACILITIES, GAS & OIL PIPELINE
TURKEY - FIRST IRAQ - TURKEY CRUDE OIL PIPELINE, TURKISH SECTION
TURKEY - YUMURTALIK - KIRIKKALE CRUDE OIL PIPELINE
TURKEY - PROVISION OF PIPELINE REPAIR SERVICES
TURKEY - TANAP TRANS ANATOLIAN NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT– LOT 3
TURKEY - TANAP TRANS ANATOLIAN NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT– COMPRESSOR AND METERING STATIONS
TURKEY - BTC REPAIR AND ENHANCEMENT PROJECTS
TURKMENISTAN - GALKYNYSH GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
MAPA CONSTRUCTION: RABIGH - JEDDAH / MAKKAH AL-MUKARRAMAH POTABLE WATER PIPELINE
"The construction of a 452 km long twin pipeline project with a 80"-10" diameter that includes 14 tanks with a capacity of 1,500 m³ - 170,000 m³ and 4 pumping stations."
MAPA CONSTRUCTION: SHUQAIQ POTABLE WATER PIPELINE, PHASE II
Construction of a 935 km long water transmission pipeline in Saudi Arabia
The construction includes the biggest pumping station of the world, elevating water from sea level to 2,600 meters. Due to its geographical location, it was one of the most challenging projects undertaken in Saudi Arabia.
CLIENT: SALINE WATER CONVERSION CORPORATION
LOCATION: SHUQAIQ, SAUDI ARABIA
PROJECT START DATE: 01.06.2007
TRANSMISSION PIPELINE LENGTH: 935 km
PUMPING STATIONS: 8
PIPELINE DIAMETER: 6” - 64"
CONTRACTOR: MAPA CONSTRUCTION
3. Some current dam images!
"Dams #المجمعة 1-The old dam is one of the most important dams reaches the capacity of the dam 1.3 million cubic meters, built during the reign of King Faisal during the year 1389 2. The new dam has a capacity of 5.579.000 cubic metres built in 1428 3. Wadi Kalbi Dam with a capacity of 1 million and 200 cubic meters built in 1432"
#معلومة— احمد السليمان (@ah_alsuliman) April 23, 2019
١- السد القديم واحد من اهم السدود تصل سعة السد 1,300,000 متراً مكعباً ، بني في عهد الملك فيصل وذلك خلال عام 1389
٢- السد الجديد تبلغ سعته 5.579.000 متراً مكعباً بني عام 1428
٣- سد وادي الكلبي تبلغ سعته المليون و200 متر مكعب بني عام 1432 pic.twitter.com/flCIJqM4P1
"#المجمعة New Dam The dam has a length of 370 meters from the bottom and 400 meters from the top and the dam width 105 meters from the bottom and 4.6 from the top. -The dam rises 15 meters from the abdomen of the valley. -Storage capacity is more than 5 million cubic meters and the flood of this dam 11 m and width 57 m."
سد #المجمعة الجديد— احمد السليمان (@ah_alsuliman) April 23, 2019
طول السد 370 متر من الأسفل و400 متر من الأعلى وعرض السد 105 متر من الأسفل و4.6 من الأعلى.
- يبلغ ارتفاع السد 15 متراً من بطن الوادي.
- السعة التخزينية أكثر من 5 ملايين متر مكعب ويبلغ مفيض هذا السد 11م وعرضه 57م. pic.twitter.com/F5UNojxsto
"#المجمعة Old Dam The length of the dam is 360 meters and the dam width is 3 meters -The dam rises 7 meters from the abdomen of the valley. -Storage capacity of more than 1.3 million million cubic meters and the flood of this dam 6.20 m"
سد #المجمعة القديم— احمد السليمان (@ah_alsuliman) April 23, 2019
طول السد 360 متر وعرض السد 3 متر
- يبلغ ارتفاع السد 7 متراً من بطن الوادي.
- السعة التخزينية أكثر من 1,300,000ملايين متر مكعب ويبلغ مفيض هذا السد 6.20 م pic.twitter.com/5OSIsh8XEN
"* Governorate #الظاهرة #عبري of Wadi al-Hajer (Dam) 2019/4/21m, Antiquities #أخدود_الهزيم. Cinematographer: Sultan Al Maqbali @sul1991tan"
*محافظة #الظاهرة ولاية #عبري(سد وادي الهجر) 2019/4/21م، آثار #أخدود_الهزيم.— الخيمة العُمانية🇴🇲 (@WeatherOmanya) April 22, 2019
تصوير : سلطان المقبالي @sul1991tan pic.twitter.com/E5o4r705Be
"Kelbi #بالمجمعة Dam 600 meters long, a width of 31 meters, the storage capacity is about 1 million and 200 cubic meters of water"
سد الكلبي #بالمجمعة— احمد السليمان (@ah_alsuliman) April 23, 2019
بطول 600 متر، وعرض مفيضه 31 مترا، أما سعته التخزينية فهي نحو المليون و200 متر مكعب من المياه pic.twitter.com/kOFAqDr9DB
"A beautiful short tour in the valley of the #المجمعة Mashager"
"One of the water sinks in the new compound dam, which is directly below the end of the dam, knowing that there are several sinks to drain the water to the ground, so it is 10 years, although the torrent did not stop. Friday 15 Shaaban 1440 19 April 2019"
إحدى بلاليع الماء في سد المجمعة الجديد وهي تحت المصب مباشرة جهة السد علما انه يوجد عدة بلاليع تشفط الماء الى باطن الأرض لذلك نقص 10 سنتي رغم ان السيل لم يتوقف— سليمان بن عبد الرحمن الدخيّل (@abo0abdulrahman) April 19, 2019
الجمعة 15 شعبان 1440
19 ابريل 2019 pic.twitter.com/0R3EKzJjeP
"The new compound dam on Friday morning 15 Shaaban 1440 corresponding to April 19, 2019 the water level at the dam was 6.60 six meters and sixty years Oh God thank you and thanks"
سد المجمعة الجديد صباح اليوم الجمعة 15 شعبان 1440 الموافق 19 ابريل 2019 وقد بلغ منسوب المياه في السد 6.60 ستة أمتار وستين سنتي— سليمان بن عبد الرحمن الدخيّل (@abo0abdulrahman) April 19, 2019
اللهم لك الحمد والشكر pic.twitter.com/gspBTROB1V
"A #المجمعة beautiful lake and a distinctive spring outlet with many tourist features. You need more care and intensification of services. #المملكة #تصويري"
الحاير في #المجمعة بحيرة جميلة و متنفس ربيعي مميز تحمل مقومات سياحية عديدة . تحتاج الى مزيد من العناية و تكثيف الخدمات .#المملكة#تصويري pic.twitter.com/oWQWuXL5v9— خالد آل سعود (@kmsaud2) April 18, 2019
JEDDAH FLOOD PREVENTION, FIVE DAMS AND CANAL CONSTRUCTION PROJECT, SAUDI ARABIA
"Baysh dam is located in the Baysh Valley, 113 km far from the city of Jizan in Saudi Arabia. It is constructed for flood control and irrigation of farmland. Baysh is a concrete gravity type dam having a 340 m long crest which is 120 m high from the foundation level. The total reservoir capacity of the dam is 192 million m3."
"Client Saudi Arabia Water and Electricity Ministry
Location Jizan / Saudi Arabia
Contract Date 14 April 2003
Completion Date 17 May 2009"
Dams in Saudi Arabia
Dams in Al Bahah - Baha Province
Dams in Nejran - Nejran Province
Dams in Ushaiqer - Riyadh Province
Dams in Al Kamil - Makkah Province
Dams in Sharorah - Nejran Province
Dams in Tabouk - Tabouk Province
Dams in Safwa - Eastern Province
Dams in Diryah - Riyadh Province
Dams in Rabigh - Makkah Province
Dams in Ar Rass - Al Qasim Province
Dams in Farasan - Jizan Province
Dams in Khaybar - Al Madinah Province
Dams in Saihat - Eastern Province
Dams in Khamis Mushait - Asir Province
Dams in Dumah Al Jandal - Jouf Province
Dams in Tarout - Eastern Province
Hali Dam, Saudi Arabia
"The Hali Dam is a gravity dam on Wadi Hali about 14km east Keyad in Makkah Province of south western Saudi Arabia"
The Hali Dam is a gravity dam on Wadi Hali about 14km east Keyad in Makkah Province of south western Saudi Arabia. The dam has many purposes to include flood control, irrigation municipal water supply. The dam's reservoir has a total storage of 249,860,000m3, making it the second largest in the country after the King Fahad Dam.
The Dam is 384m in length, 71m width at the base and 8m width at the top crest.
The dam was constructed between 2003 - 2009 by Al-Dakheel Contracting Company. It is owned and operated by the Ministry of Water and Electricity.
The Fosroc team joined the contractors from the beginning of the project and made all trials to achieve the requirement for the concrete. Fosroc products helped the client achieve the required high quality results starting from the first stage with Supercast waterstop, Rearguard S and coatings Nitobond EP, Nitoproof 10 along with more than 0.5 millions litres of Fosroc admixtures.
The client benefited from being able to contract with a single party for the various types of construction demands, giving an economical solution that could be applied rapidly and to the required specification."
Dornier CONSULTING: KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA: DAM WATER UTILIZATION
"Client: Ministry of Water & Electricity (MOWE)
Partner: The project is jointly executed with Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Project Description: The primary purpose of the project is developing concepts for the utilization of the water from 100 dams (48 of which are operating, 52 are under construction or planned), located in the west and south-west of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. At a later stage of the project, detailed designs, ready for tendering for water utilization infrastructures shall be provided. As a first step, as-is assessment of the current situation is crucial. Therefore all dams have been visited, information collected and water samples taken wherever possible. As main criteria for future dam water use, the amount of available water and its quality have been defined. A further criteria is the water demand in the vicinity of the dams (e.g. for agriculture / irrigation or domestic water supply). Phase 1 shall identify dams for further detailed investigation and elaboration of preliminary designs. The third phase comprises detailed design for the construction of water infrastructure facilities, such as pumping stations, reservoirs, pipeline systems and, where applicable and useful, water treatment plants. A further utilization method to be considered is controlled artificial recharge of the downstream Wadis (e.g. by means of underground dams and future utilization by shallow groundwater wells). The detailed designs shall be provided for 50 dams."
"Project Duration 2010 – 2012
As-is assessment at 100 dams, including sampling and water analyses
Development of dam water utilization concepts
Preliminary design of water infrastructure facilities (water treatment plants, pumping stations, reservoirs, pipeline systems, underground dams, etc.)
Detailed design for the above
Water sampling and technical evaluation of existing infrastructures (finalized)
Elaboration of water utilization concepts (ongoing)
Preliminary design (future task)
Final design (future task)
4. Water, Energy, CO2 gasification!
Here is a list of water, gas, oil and power plant projects. The other projects like shopping malls and building construction have been removed from the complete list, which you can find on the original source.
A very revealing project is the one about CO2 processing plant.
New Project Information in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia New Project Updates.
Saudi Arabia Projects Information
Name : King Salman Energy Park (Spark) Project
Description :Construction of an Energy Park.
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :339793Last Updated :April 23, 2019 Status :New Tender View Details
Name : Offshore Pipelines Replacement Project - Berri Oil Field
Description :Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) contract for the replacement of ....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :377808Last Updated :April 23, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name : Oil Production Deck Modules Project - Zuluf Offshore Field Development
Description :Construction and installation of three offshore oil production deck modules.
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :420867Last Updated :April 23, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name : Water Injection Facilities Construction - Berri Oil & Gas Field
Description :Engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract for the construction of....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :450172Last Updated :April 22, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name : Three Pipelines Installation Project - Marjan Field Development Project (Packages - 16, 17 & 18)
Description :Engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract for the installation o....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :450163Last Updated :April 22, 2019 Status :New Tender View Details
Name : Butadiene Extraction Plant Expansion Project
Description :Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) contract for the expansion of a ....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :24877Last Updated :April 21, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name : Marjan Onshore Field Development Project
Description :Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) contract for the development of ....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :374426Last Updated :April 18, 2019 Status :New Tender View Details
Name : Al Wesam Substation Construction Project
Description :Construction of a 110/13.8kV Substation with installation, erection as well as c....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :346593Last Updated :April 18, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name : Jubail Petrochemicals Complex Project
Description :Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) contract to build a petrochemica....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :388494Last Updated :April 18, 2019 Status :New Tender View Details
Name : Gas Oil Separation Plant (GOSP) Project - Marjan Offshore Field Development (Package 1)
Description :Engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract to build a Gas Oil Sepa....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :378829Last Updated :April 18, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name :Al Khandama Substation Project
Description :Construction of 110/13.8kV Substation with installation, erection and complete t....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :346581Last Updated :April 18, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name : Water Injection System Upgrade Project - Manifa Oil Field
Description :Carrying out upgrading of the water injection system at an oil field.
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :358160Last Updated :April 17, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name : Safaniya Oilfield Redevelopment - Phase 6
Description :Engineering, procurement, construction and installation (EPCI) contract on the s....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :357690Last Updated :April 17, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name : Yanbu - North Jeddah Oil Products Pipeline Project
Description :Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) contract to build a pipeline for....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :294648Last Updated :April 17, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name : Shuqaiq 3 IWP
Description :Construction of an Independent Water Project (IWP) with a capacity of 380,000 cu....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :329569Last Updated :April 17, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name :Yanbu 4 IWP
Description :Construction of an Independent Water Project (IWP) with a capacity of 450,000 cu....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :329566Last Updated :April 16, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name : Gas Treatment Facilities, Offsites & Utilities Development Project
Description :Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) contract to build gas treatment ....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :182640Last Updated :April 16, 2019 Status :New Tender View Details
Name : Gas Cap Production Network Project
Description :Implementation of a gas cap production network.
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :449198Last Updated :April 16, 2019 Status :New Tender View Details
Name : Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Plant Project - Al Khobar
Description :Construction of CO2 Plant.
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :415672Last Updated :April 16, 2019 Status :Current Project View Details
Name : Zuluf Offshore Oilfield Expansion Project
Description :Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) contract for the expansion of an....
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :349510Last Updated :April 16, 2019 Status :New Tender View Details
Name : Uthamaniya Substation Project
Description :Construction of a 115/13.8kV GIS substation.
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :449156Last Updated :April 16, 2019 Status :New Tender View Details
Name : BSP Substation Project - Jeddah Airport Housing
Description :Construction of a 380/110/13.8kV BSP substation.
Country Name :Saudi ArabiaReference No :449036Last Updated :April 15, 2019 Status :New Tender View Details
Técnicas Reunidas wins contract for Jazan IGCC project (Saudi Arabia)6 May 2014
"Saudi Aramco, the state-owned oil company of Saudi Arabia, has selected Técnicas Reunidas (Spain) for the execution of the Utilities & Common Area project within the Jazan IGCC (Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle) complex in the Jazan Economic City, located in Jazan Province, a south western region of Saudi Arabia. Técnicas Reunidas will develop the utilities and off-sites facilities for the IGCC complex under a Lump Sum Turn Key (LSTK) contract worth US$1.7bn covering the services for engineering, procurement, construction, pre-commissioning and commissioning support for the facilities. The Jazan IGCC complex will convert vacuum residue to be produced in the adjacent Jazan refinery into synthesis gas (syngas). The gasification unit will have a capacity of 2,110,000 Nm3/h (18.4 bcm/year) of syngas that will be evenly used to produce purified hydrogen for the refinery and to fuel a combined cycle facility producing utilities and power for the refinery and export to the national grid. Total output of the plant will be of approximately 2,400 MW. The facilities will be operational in 2017."
Saudi Aramco selects Shell technology for Jizan power plant
"Saudi Aramco selected Shell technology for the power plant to be part of the giant Jizan Refinery project on the southeast of Saudi Arabia.
Together with the refinery, the Jizan gazification project is the master piece of the development of this southern region of Saudi Arabia with the Jazan Economic City construction to include all type of manufacturing industries.
Located in Bish near Jizan (or Jazan), along the Red Sea, the Jizan Economic city will be erected far from any other infrastructures in the country, rising questions about costs and economical impact.
"In April 2012, the Houston-based KBR and its local subsidiary Abdulhadi and Al-Moaibed Consulting Engineering Co. (AMCDE) completed the front end engineering and design (FEED) work.
From this FEED, the Jizan refinery shall be designed to treat 400,000 barrels per day (20 million t/y) of Arabian Heavy crude oil and Arabian Medium crude oil.
It will produce:
– 75,000 b/d of gasoline
– 100,000 to 160,000 b/d of ultra low sulfur diesel
– 160,000 to 220,000 b/d of fuel oil
– Aromatics with Benzene and Paraxylene
Benefiting from its General Engineering Services Plus (GES+) contract, KBR is also providing Saudi Aramcowith project management consultancy services for the Jizan Refinery project.
Saudi Aramco awarded eight EPC packages in Jizan
KBR FEED work conclusions have split the Jizan Refinery project in 11 main packages for the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) phase.
In November 2012, Saudi Aramco awarded eight EPC packages:
– Hanwha Engineering and Construction for the marine terminal
– Hitachi Plant Corporation for the offsites and utilities packages
– Hyundai Arabia for the sour water stripper unit and amine regeneration unit
– JGC Corporation for the naphtha and aromatics (benzene and paraxylene) units
– Petrofac Saudi Arabia for two tank farms packages for $1.4 billion
– SK Engineering for the crude distillation and vacuum unit
– Tecnicas Reunidas for the hydrocracker and diesel hydrotreater packages
Among the few pending packages, stands the Jizan power plant for which Saudi Aramco is currently proceeding to the pre-qualification of the potential bidders.
From the conceptual study of the whole Jazan Industrial City project, the Jizan power plant should deliver 2,400 MW from which 500 MW should supply the Refinery and the remaining 1,900 MW should be distributed to the rest of the City.
Jizan Gasification Plant to integrate sulfur packages
In order to optimize energy efficiency Saudi Aramco selected the Shell Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology.
To use 90,000 barrels per day of vacuum residue from the Refinery as feedstock, the processes of the Jizan Gasification plant are closer to petrochemical processes than conventional gas-fired or fuel-fired power plants.
Shell IGCC technology might be more expensive than conventional power generation plant but it generate lower emissions of CO2, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and particulates than conventional power plants.
It also consumes less water, and produce only about half as much solid waste.
As Shell IGCC is combining refinery residues with oxygen to produce synthesis gas and power the turbines, Saudi Aramco is preparing tender for the oxygen package in parallel to the refinery.
But it is still unclear if it will be an Jizan Refinery project integrated package or an oxygen supply contract.
Since the fuel gas desulfurization performances is directly related to the IGCC process, this package, as well as the sulfur recovery unit have been transferred from the Jizan Refinery project packages to the Jizan Power Plant project packages.
The consequence is to increase the content of the Jizan Power plant package which may end up somewhere between $3 and $5 billion capital expenditure.
Despite this increase in the scope of work, Saudi Aramco, Shell and KBR expect the Jizan Gasification Plant to come on stream at the end of 2016."
Dear readers, if you would like to learn more about the combination of nuclear fracking and underground gasification (IGCC & similar methods), please check following article, which is available only in German yet:
In Deutschland wird der Untergrund seit 1961 "unkonventionell" mit Atombomben gefrackt!
Warum die Kohle "unten bleiben" soll!
There are many links to other sources, also in English.